Fence

Abstract

Claims

I W. A. GRAHAM FENCE Filed May '7, 1924 2 Sheets-Sheet l gvvuemtoz Dec, I 7 1,521,240 W. A. GRAHAM FENCE Filed May 7, '1924 2 Sheets-Sheet 2 I, a u g L\ Q 3 Q {a W |Jl" 1. l: I v J H WILLIAM A. GAlllI, OF THE UNITED STATES ARMY. FENCE. Application filed May 7, 1924. Serial no. 711,665. (FILED UNDER THE ACT OF MARCH 3, 1883, 22 STAT. L, 625.) 'To all whom it may concern: Be it known that I, WILLIAM A. GRAHAM, Lieut. Colonel, J. A. G. D., a citizen of the United States, stationed at Washington, a D. (3., have invented Improvements in Fences, of which the following is a specification. The invention described herein may be used by the Government, or any of its of- 1c ficers or employees in prosecution of work for the Government, or b any other person in the United States, without payment of any royalty thereon. This invention relates to improvements in It fences and more particularly to a portable, sectional fence made up of panels of any preferred length, each panel having con necting means to provide for its attachment to the adjoining panel to provide a fence of any preferred length. The objects being to provide a simple, durable and inexpensive fence adapted for temporary or permanent use. A further object being to provide simple yet substantial connecting means that may. e applied to any one of the uprights of the adjoining panel. A further object being to provide means whereby removable anchor or supporting points may be applied to the panel when the fence is to be erected in the open, or not otherwise supported. 7 Another object being to provide sectional fencing adapted to be drawn about the base of a hay or other stack of food, of sufficient height to prevent cattle reaching the food, said stacks being of a variety of sizes, requiring a variety of lengths of fencing. These and other objects will appear in the following description and be finally pointed out in the appended claims. . Similar numerals of reference indicate corresponding parts in all the figures of the drawings in which: .Fig. 1 is a view showing a hay stack with the improved fence applied thereabout. Fig. 2 is a view of the fence when erected in the open, showing anchor points in dots. Fig. 3 is an enlarged detail elevation of one of the fence panels showing a portion of the adjoining fence panel in its relative position. Fi 4. is a horizontal section through the mem ers shown in Fig. 3. Fig. 5 is a detail view of the anchor point which may be inserted in the lower end of the locking section of the fence panel, when the fence 18 to be erected in the open. The improved fence forming the subject matter of this application is especially adapted for use onlarge ranches where hay, fodder, or the like, raised as food for the cattle, must be harvested and stored in stacks, said stacks usually being open or accessible to the cattle which are not confined. The usual practice at harvest time is to build a stack here and there on the ranch, and surround each stack with the usual form of fence, said fence being erected from 10 to 15 feet from the stack. When the cattle are to be fed, the attendant en ters the inclosure and throws the feed over the fence thus feeding as many cattle as can conveniently reach the food, and from there the attendant goes to the next stack and feeds more of the cattle. The inclosures above referred to are of a permanent character and are fences built in the usual way which includes the setting of posts and running and mounting the fencing. When the stack is exhausted or the season ends, the next crops of hay are not always stacked in the same place, and if it is desired to erect a stack in the same place it is more convenient to tear down the old fence and rebuild it than to attempt to erect a stack within said inclosure. Further, it has been found by experience that the cattle in many instances destroy a fence built as above described by attacking it with their horns or by being forced against it at feeding time by the outer cattle of a large herd in their efforts to reach the food. This improved fencing is intended to obviate all the objectionable features above referred to and is adapted to be applied around the base of a stack and drawn tightly, said adjustment being possible by providing the fencing in panels or sections, each panel being so constructed that should there be an overlapping of the ends, less than the width of one panel, the securing means between one panel and the next may be applied to any intermediate upright of a panel and secure the parts as efi'ectively as it would, if applied to the marginal upright, Said panels may be of any height, preferably about 5 feet, and consist of a plurality of runner wires 1 and upright or paling members 2. Said upright members and runner wires may be arranged in any preferred manner and in any preferred number to 5 provide a substantial panel, said upright members 2 are of suflicient gage to firmly support and secure the adjoining panel thereto by hooks 3 mounted in the end or locklng upright member 4 which is preferably con- 1 structed of piping, said hooks 3 are preferably arranged adjacent to the horizontal members or runners of the fence, which provides for their attachment in a corresponding relation to the runners of the adjoining 1 panel, thereby locating the drag on the upright at a point as close to its support as possible. The marginal or locking member is adapted to be mounted at one of the vertical edges of the panel in such a manner as to ermit its rotation, said rotary member may e held in position by enlargements 55 above the upper and below the lower runner wires or by locating hooks 3 in such a position above and below the runner wires as to maintain the locking member 4; in place. An 9 ening 6 into which a rod may be inserte or other convenient means may be provided for rotating member 4 and bring :10 hooks 3 into or out of engagement with the end or intermediate upright 2, of an adjoining panel. Said rotary locking member lis preferably hollow and may be provided with a point or stake 7 at its lower end to be driven into the ground from the top of the member 4 when'the fence is to be erected in the open or is not otherwise supported. It being understood that inclosures of a tem- 10 porary character are very often necessary, on a ranch, when segregation of certain cattle is required, and such a construction permits the erection of small circular or other shaped pens in a substantial manner. 23 In the operation of this form of fence and for which it is especially adapted, a stack of hay or other food for cattle is built in the open and a suflicient number of panels are secured to each other to provide an a fence of suflicient length to entirely enclose the base of the stack. The manner of erecting the fencing is optional and may be accomplished by one panel after another being secured in place around the stack, or the panels may be secured to each other while lying flat on the ground and When a sufficient number are attached, the entire fence may be thrown up against the stack and the ends brou ht together in such a position as to perm mit t e hooks 3 to be brought into engagement with one of the uprights 4 of the opposite panel, the rotation of the locking member 24 being accomplished by inserting a rod into the openin 6 and turning the member 06 4 to bring its ooks into engagement with an upright of the adjoining panel, as will be obvious. L When the stack has been'exhausted and the fence is no longer required, the panels can be disconnected and stacked in storage in a very compact manner, or should it be necessary to transport the fence, it can be convenicntly carried and handled on any transporting mediums used on a ranch, and if constructed in a substantial manner and pro tected against rust, will last an indefinite period, and be useful in nunjerous Ways. It being understood that a fence constructed of the panels heregdescribed may be arranged in a zigzag formation, each angular extension being composed of one or a plurality of panels. Having thus described my invention ,'what I claim asnew and desire to secure by Letters Patent is: 1. A fence of the class described comprising a plurality of panels, each of said panels consisting of a plurality of runner wires, a plurality of vertical members comprising a marginal member and intermediate members, and a rotary locking member adapted to be rotated to lock the panel to or release the panel from an adjoining panel. 2. A fence of the class described comprising a plurality of panels, each of said panels consisting of a plurality of runner wires, a plurality of vertical members'comprising a marginal member and intermediate members, and a marginal rotary locking member provided with means to be brought into contact with portions of an adjoining panel to secure the panels together. 3. A fence of the class described comprising a plurality of panels, each consisting of a plurality of runner wires, a plurality of vertical members comprising a marginal member and intermediate members, and a marginal rotary locking member provided with means for securing one panel to the adjoining panel and anchor means adapted to be inserted into the bottom of said looking member and into the ground to maintain the fence inan upright position. I 4. A fence of the class described comprising a plurality of panels, each consisting of a plurality of runner wires, a plurality of vertical members comprising a marginal member and intermediate members, and a marginal I rotary locking member having hooks adapted to be brought into contact with an adjoining panel to secure the parts together. 5; A fence of the class described comprising a plurality of panels, each consisting of a plurality of runner wires, a plurality of vertical members comprising a marginal member and intermediate members,and a marginal rotary locking member having hooks adapted to be brought into contact with the marginal upright member of the adjoining panel to secure the parts together. 6. A fence of the class described comprising a plurality of panels, each consisting of a plurality of runner wires, a plurality of vertical members comprising a marginal member and intermediate members, and a marginal rotary locking member having hooks adapted to be brought into contact with the marginal upright member or an intermediate upright member of the adjoining panel to secure the parts together. 7. A fence panel of the class described comprising runner members, marginal and intermediate vertical members and a marginal rotary member provided with means for securing the panel to a vertical upright of an adjoining panel. 8. A fence panel of the class described comprising runner members, marginal and intermediate Vertical members and a marginal rotary member provided with hooks to be brought into engagement With the marginal vertical member of an adjoining panel to secure the parts together. 9. A fence of the class described comprising a plurality of runner members, a plurality of vertical members comprising a marginal member and intermediate members, a mar inal rotary locking member provided with IOOkS adapted to be brought into contact with the intermediate vertical member of an adjoining panel, and an anchor adapted to be inserted at the bottom of the rotary locking member and into the ground to maintain panel in the vertical position. WILLIAM A. GRAHAM.

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