Machine fob behoving the booster charge from a high-explosive shell

  • Inventors:
  • Assignees:
  • Publication Date: September 16, 1924
  • Publication Number: US-1508494-A

Abstract

Claims

Se t. 16 .1924. 1,508,494 G. ALLISON MACHINE FOR REMOVING THE BOOSTER CHARGE FROM A HIGH ZXPLOSIVE SI 'XELL Filed Oct. 5. 1923 :s Sheets-Sheet i IN V EN TOR A TTORNE Y6 Sept. 16 1924. G. ALLISON MACHINE FOR REMOVING was BOOSTER CHARGE FROM A HIGH EXPLOSIVE SHELL Filed Oct. 5. 1923 3. Sheets-Sheet 2 INVENTLOR Gwiaradllzsam ATTORNEY; Sept, 16 1924. G. ALLISON MACHINE FOR REMOVING THE BOOSTER CHARGE FROM A HIGH EXPTQOSIVE SHELL Filed Oct. 5. 1923 3 Sheets-Sheet 5 1N VEN TOR I Gufszarenllzlsolz II WW2: - A TTORNE Y y Patented Sept. '16, 1924. UNITED STATES PATENT OFFICE. GUSTAV'E ALLISO'N, OF PERTH AMBOY, NEW JERSEY, ASSIGNOR '10 COLUMBIA SAL- VAGE CORPORATION, OF NEW YORK, N. Y., A CORPORATION OF NEW YORK. CHINE FOB REMOVING THE BOOSTER CHARGE FROM A HIGH-EXPLOSIVE SHELL. Application filed. October 5, 1923. Serial No. 666,756. To all whom) it may concern. Be it known that I, GUs'rAvn ALLISON, a citizen of the United States, and resident of Perth Amboy, in the county of Middlesex and State of New Jersey, have invented certain new and useful Improvements in Ma chines for Removing the Booster Charge from a High-Exp1osive Shell (Case No. 7), of which the following is a specification. high explosive shell for artillery use consists ordinarily of a hollow steel shell filled with a. charge of high explosive. The 'shellis'usually ointed at one end and said .pointed end is nown as the nose. In the nose is formed a longitudinally extending threaded aperture in which is screwed a flanged adapter ring, said ring carrying a small cylindrical casing which extends into the shell and contains the so called booster charge. The fuse or fuse stock is screwed into the adapter ring and this also carries a small explosive charge. The fuse isnot attached to the adapter ring until the shell is to be fired. The adapter ring and booster casing are secured to the shell in order to complete the loading thereof and to close the threaded aperture in the nose. This adapter ring. and booster casing must) be detachedfrom the shell before the high ex,- plosive charge can be removed. - The object of this invent-ion is to provide a machine-for quickly and safely removing the booster charge from the shell. There are other objects and advantages of the invention which will appear hereinafter. In the drawings, Fig. 1 is a plan View of a machine embodying the invention; Fig. 2 a transverse vertical sectional view taken on the line 22 of Fig. 1; r Fig. 3 a longitudinal vertical sectional View taken on line 3-3 of Fig. 1.- Fig. 4 a detail vertical sectional view illus trating the operation of removing and discharging the booster casing; - Fig. 5 a detail end view of the booster casing the removing tool being shown in cross section, and r V Fig. 6 a detail cross sectional view taken on the line 66 of Fig. 1. I Referring to the-various parts by numerals, 1 designates a strong sheet shell casing which is open at its upper end, its lower end extending into a suitable pit or depression. 7 This casing is substantially rectangular in plane view and the front wall 2 thereof terminates short of the right hand end wall 3 to form a vertical opening 4. This opening is comparatively narrow and is at the extreme right hand end of the front wall 2 of the casing. The casing is provided with an inlet opening 5 in its front wall and with an outlet opening 6 in its rear wall. Ex- tending into the casing through the inlet. 5 is a downwardly inclined table 7, said table extending entirely through the casing and terminating at the discharge opening 6. The shells to be operated upon are placed transversely of the table and permitted to roll down it through inlet 5 to the operating mechanism and after being operated upon they are released from the operating mechanism and permitted to continue their way down the table and to pass out through the discharge opening 6. From the discharge end of the table the shells drop into a clownwardly inclined chute 8 from which they are delivered to the platform 9 outside of the casing 1. The discharge opening 6 is enclosed by a strong steel casing 10. The inlet 5 is normally closed by gravity door 11 Which is pivoted along its upper edge and is mounted within the casing. This door swings freely inwardly to permit the shells to roll into the casing, and after the passage of a shell it automatically swings to closed position. Within the casing are two horizontal parallel supports 12. These supports are arranged a suitable distance apart and are mounted on rigid base pieces 13 and constitute the main supporting frame of the machine. Extending longitudinally of the main frame, at the left hand end thereof, as shown in the drawings, is a horizontal tubular shaft 14:. One end of the shaft is mounted in a bearing 15 supported onthe main frame. The other end of this shaft carries a chuck 16, said chuck being rigidly connected to the shaft to rotate therewith. The chuck is reduced in diameter midway i'ts ends to form a bearing portion which is adapted to rotate in the bearing 17 connected to the main frame. Rigidly connected to the outer end of the chuck is a large gear 18 which meshes with a smaller gear 19 carried by a shaft 20 and by means of which the chuck is rotated. The shaft 20 is provided with a pulley 21 over which a driving belt 22 runs. The face of the chuck is formed with four radial grooves 23 in which are mounted gripping blocks 24, the inner ends of said gripping blocks being adapted to project into a central circular recess in the face of the chuck. These gripping blocks are held, in place by a circular face plate 25 rigidly secured to the face of the chuck, said face plate being formed with a central circular aperture corresponding to the circular re.- cess in the face of the chuck. The outer portion of the chuck is tubular and arranged in said tubular portion are four horizontal clutch levers 26. vThese clutchlevers extend through apertures in the chuck and are mounted on ivots 27 secured in the chuck body. The orward or inner ends of these levers fit and operate in apertures formed in the gripping blocks 24. Slidably mounted on the shaft 14 is a cone shape wedge block 28, said block carrying a ring 29 recessed therein and connected by horizontal pivots30 to the ends of a yoke 31. The yoke 31 extends upwardly from a rock shaft 32 mounted in suitable bearings on themain frame. One end of the shaft 32 extends through the forward wall 2 of the casing and is Provided with an operating lever 33 outsideof the casing so that the gripping dogs maybe moved by an operator standing outside the casing 1. It is manifest that by swinging the lever 33 toward the right, as viewed in the drawings, the wedge block 28 will be forced into the chuck thereby throwing outwardly the outer ends of the clutch levers 26. This will result in an inward movement of all of the gripping blocks. By moving the lever 33 toward the left, as viewed in the drawings, the wedge block will be withdrawn from the chuck and the gripping blocks will be released. Rigidly mountedwithin the inner end of the shaft 14 is a tubular stop 34. Mounted within this tubular stop is a central horizontal plunger 34 which is normally projected forward and into the central circular recess of the chuck by a spring 36. Plunger 35projects beyond the stop 34 and normally is in the vertical plane, or substantially so, of the face plate 25 of the chuck. The plunger is connected to its tubular guide by means of a pin and slot arrangement so that the forward or outward movement of the plunger is limited. Mounted on the supports 12 of the main frame, near the right hand end of the casing, is a tool carrying slide 37 having an inner upright head portion 38 to which is rigidly secured a removing tool 39. This removing tool is tapered at its operating end and said tapered end is provided withsharp cutting spiral ridges 39. The removing tool is horizontally arranged axially aligned with the axis of the chuck for the purpose which will hereinafter appear. The tool carrying slide is guided and held to the supports 12 by suitable guides 40; and is also provided with a longitudinally extending tooth rack 41. This rack is engaged by a pinion 42 carried by ahorizontal transversely extending. shaft 43. One end of the shaft 43 extends through the front wall 2 of the casing and is .provided with an operating wheel 42. It is manifest that the tool carrying slide may be manipulated by an operator standing outside of the casing, and by means of a wheel 44 may be advanced toward the chuck or withdrawn therefrom. The removing tool 39 is adapted to pass through an erture in a rigidly mounted stripping evice 45 mounted on one of the supports of the table 7. i y A. shell arresting lever 46 is pivotally mounted at 47 below the table 7 and extends One end of this longitudinally thereof. lever extends through an aperture in the front wall of the casing and is radially accessible through a slot 48 in the table 7 so that said lever may beymanipulated by an operator standing outside of the casing in front of the forward wall2 thereof. The inner end of the shell arresting lever is formed with two upwardly extending stop fingers 49. These fingers extend upwardly through slots 50 in the table and are so positioned that they will hold a shell on the table centered with respect to the chuck, as shown clearly in Figs. 1 and 2 of the drawings. After the shell has been operated upon the I lever 46 is manipulated to withdraw the stop fingers and thereby permit the shell to roll down the table 7 to the shute 8. The front wall 2 of the casing is unbroken except for the aperture 4 at the right hand. end thereofso that the said wall servesas a shield or guard for the operator. It is desired, however, that the operators see the operation ofthe machine on the shells. For this purpose a mirror 51 is mountedon the right hand end wall of the casing at the opening 4. said mirror facing toward the chuck. This enables the operators to observe in the mirror the operation of the ma chine on the shells while at the same time they are protected by the wall 2 fromany injury through? the possible explosion of a shell within the casing. The operation of the machine is as follows: v A shell is permitted to run down the table 7 through the inlet to the stop fingers 49 with the base of the shell toward the chuck and the nose of the shell. carrying the booster casing pointed toward the removing tool. The operator then manipulates the wheel 44 to move the slide 37 inwardly. and brings the removing tool into engagement with the booster casing in the nose of the shell. A continued forward movement of theslide moves the shell transversely of the table and brings the base-'of theshell'into engagement of the bboster casing so that the rotation of the shelliwill cause thetool to bite into the booster casing unscrewing it-from the nose of the shell;- 'The operator, by means of the -mi'rror',will note the operation of the. ma- chine and as the booster casing is un screwedi from the shell he will ease upthe tool carrying slide so that the booster casing will be unthreade'd from the shell. The re'-- movingt'ool will bite intothe booster casing to such anextent that the booster casing will be attached to the'removing tool so that when it isenti-rely unthread ed fromthe shell an outward movement of thetool will carry the booster casingwith it. The purpose of th'estripping device 45. is to strip the booster casing from 'theremoving-tool and permit it todrop into thedischarge chute 52. The chute 52 leads to any suitable point outside of the'casing 1.- After the withdrawal of the removing tool the lever '33 is thrown vto theleft=to release the. gripping-blocks 24. When the gripping blocks are released the plunger 35 forces the shell out of the chuck, andthe'n by manipulating the-lever46 the shell may be permitted to roll down :the tablej to chute 8 by which it will'be discharged to the platform 9 outside of the casing 1. It will of course be understood thatthe table 7 is so arranged thatwhen a shell is arrested by the stop finger49 the 'saidshell willbe approximately centered withrespect to the chuck; When the shell 'isgripped in the chuckit will be centered a axially aligned with the rem tool whatI cla-im'isz' v [11 The combination of a casing, -a rotat- "able chuck" therein, means'for delivering shells to said chuck within the casing, a removingto'ol within the' -casin g, means for bringing sai'd'remo'ving tool into vengagementfwith the booster'casing in the end of the shell is thereby force the shell into the chuck; and, means for rigidly gripp ng the 2; The cbmbinatiori of casing, a rotatable, chuck therein, means for delivering shells to'i-sai-d' chuck within the casing, a non-rotatable removing tool within the easing', means' for brin ing said removing tool leased. into engagementwith the booster casing in the end of the shell to thereby force the shell into the chuck, and means for rigidly gripping the shell in the chuck. ' 3. The combination of a casing provided ii with an inlet, means for delivering shells Within said casing through said inlet, a rotatable chuck within the casing, means forholding a shell with its axis approxi- "mately coincident with the axis of the chuck, a non-rotatable removing tool, means for supporting said tool in line with the axis of the chuck, means for bringing said remov ing tool into engagement'with the booster casing in the end of the shell to thereby force'the shell into the. chuck, and means -for rigidly gripping the shell in the chuck.' l. The combination of a casing provided with an inlet; means for deliveringshells within said casing through said inlet, a rotatable chuck i within the casing, means forliold'ing a shell with its axis approximatelycoincident with the axis of the chuck, 'a non-rotatable removing tool, means for supporting said tool in line with the axis of the chuck, means for bringing said removing tool into engagement with the "booster casing-in the end of the shell to thereby force the shell into the chuck, means for rigidly gripping the shell in' the'chuck, i and means for ejecting the shell from the chuck when-the shell gripping means is released. i I 5. The combinationof a casing provided with an inlet,means for delivering shells Within said casing through said inlet, a rotatablechuckwithin the casing, means for holding a shell with its axis approximately ooincident with the axis of the chuck, a nonrotatab le removing tool; formed with a threaded tapered -end,.means for supporting said tool in line with the axis of the chuck, means for bringing the said tapered end of said :removing tool into engagementwith Fthe booster casing. in the end of the shell to --thereby force the shell into the chuck, means for rigidly gripping theshell in the chuck, "and means for ejecting the'shell from the chuck when the shell gripping means is ref6.-The combination of a casing provided -Withfian inlet, 'means for delivering shells within said casing through said inlet, a rotatable chuck -w1th1n the casing, means for holding a shell with its axis approximately coincident'with the axis of the chuck, a non rotatable removing tool formed with a lthreaded tapered end, means for supporting said-tool-in line with the axis of thechuckl means for bringing the said tapered end of said removing tool into engagement with the booster casing-in the end of theshell to therejbyforce the shell into the chuck, means for rigidly-gripping the shell in'the chuck, ; means for ejecting .the 1 shell from the chuck when the shell gripping means isreleased, and a stripping device to detach the booster casing from the removing tool. 7. The combination of a casing, a rotatable chuck therein, means for delivering a shell to said chuck within the casing, a non-rotatable removing tool within the easing, means operable outside of the casing for bringin said removing tool into engagement with the booster casing in the end of the shell to thereby force the shell into the chuck, and means operable from the outside of the casing for rigidly gripping the shell in the chuck. 8. The combination of a casing, a r0tat able chuck therein, means for delivering a shell to said chuck within the casing, a nonrotatable removing tool within the casing, means operable outside )of the casing for bringing said removing tool into engagement with the booster casing in the end of v the shell to thereby force the shell intothe chuck, means operable from the outside of the casing for rigidly gripping the shell in the chuck, and a mirror observable from without the casing and reflecting the operation of the mechanism within the casing. 9. The combination of a casing provided with an inlet, means for delivering shells Within said casing through said inlet, a rotatable chuck within the casing, movable means for holdin a shell with its axis a proximately coincident with the axis of the chuck, operating means connected to said holding means and extending outside of the casing, a non-rotatable removing tool formed with a threaded tapered end, means for en porting said tool in line with the axis of t e chuck, means for bringing the tapered end of said removing tool into engagement with the booster casing in the end of the shell to thereby force the shell into the chuck, means operable outside of the casing for moving the said removing tool, means for rigidly gripping the shell in the chuck, and means operable outsid of the casing for actuating the shell grippin means. i 10. The combination of a casing provided with an inlet, means for delivering shells within said casing through said inlet, a rotatable chuck within the casing, movable means for holdin a shell with its axis a proximately coincident with the axis of t e chuck, operating means connected to said holding means and extending outside of the casing, a non-rotatable removing tool formed with a threaded tapered end, means for supporting said tool in line with the axis of "shell to thereby force the shell into the chuck, means operable outside of the casing for moving the said removing tool, means for rigidly gripping the shell in the chuck, means operable outside ofathe casing for actuating the shell gripping means, and a mirror observable from without the casing, and reflectin the operation of the mechanism within t e casing. 11. The combination of a casing, a rotatable chuck therein, means for delivering a shell to said chuck. within the casing, a removing toolwithin the casing, means for bringing said removing tool into engagement with the booster casing in the end of the shell, and means for rigidly gripping the shell in the chuck. Y 12. The combination of a casing provided with an inlet, means for delivering shells within said casin through said inlet, a rotatable chuck wit in the casing, means for holding a shell with, its axis ap roximately coincident with the axis of the cl uck, a nonrotatable removin tool, means for sup orting said tool" in line with the axis 0 the chuck, means forwbringin said removing tool into enga ment with the booster casing in the end 0 the shell, means for rigidly ripping the shell in the chuck, and means the casin to the discharge openin a rotatable chuc within the casing, mova le means for holding a shell on the said table with its axis approximately coincident withthe axis of the chuck, operatin meansconnected to said holding means an extending outside of the casin a non-rotatable removing tool formed with a threadedtapered end, means for supporting said tool in line withithe axis of the chuck, means for bringin the tapered end of the said removing too into engagement with the booster casing in the end ofthe shell, means operable outside of the casing for moving the said tool, means for rigidly ripping the shell in the chuck, means opera le outside of the casing'for actuating the shell gri ping means, and means for ejecting the she I from the chuck when the shell gripping means is released. 14. The combination of a rotatable chuck, means for holdin a shell with its axis a proximately coincident with the axis oft e chuck, a non-rotatable removing tool formed with a threaded tapered end, means for en porting said tool in line with the axis of the chuck, means for bringing the tapered end of said removing tool into engagement with the booster casing in the end of the shell to thereby force the shell intothe chuck, means means for ,e ectmg the shell from the veyor table, a rotatable chuck at one side of the table with its axis transverse of the table, movable means for holding a shell on said table with its axis transverse of the table and approximately coincident with the axis of the chuck, means for operating said holding means to release the shell, a non-rotatable removing tool formed With a threaded tapered end, means for supporting said tool 10 in line with the axis ofthe chuck, means for bringing the tapered end of the said tool into engagement with the booster casing in the end of the shell to thereby force the shell into the chuck, means for rigidly gripping the shell in the chuck, and means for ejecting the shell from the chuck when the shell gripping means is released. In testimony whereof I hereunto afiix my signature. GUSTAVE ALLISON.

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Cited By (3)

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    US-2684527-AJuly 27, 1954Edward A HedlundMethod of removing hubs
    US-2767465-AOctober 23, 1956Western Electric CoApparatus for tightening caps on telephone hand sets
    US-2815565-ADecember 10, 1957Johnson E Melvin, Tripp ReeseRemote control fuze removing device