Patented Aug. 5, 1924. i i 195 DANIEL n. TANNER, or `LA GRANDE, oRGoN.
Appncjation sied` December 2s, 1921. serial No. 525,354.
To (/,ZZw/'wmz'tmay conce/Mt.' center, which on this "class of arbor is a Be it known that I, DANIEL R. TANNER, female center.. In this improved construca citizen of the United States, residing at tion, the thrust for withdrawing the pulley, La Grande, in the county of Union and while imposed longitudinally of the shaft, 5
5 State of Oregon, have invented certain new is sustainedthereby in such a manner that and useful Improvements in Pulley fManipu-f the female shaft center is not only protectlators, of which the following is aspeciied from injury, but alsoin such manner cation. that the metal of the pulley `is not in any This invention relates to improvements in way disturbed, hence the bore of the latter 60 means for withdrawing a pulley from its is always true to the periphery. Further,
` shaft and later restoring the `pulley to its by retaining the female center intact, the
working position onto said shaft. shaft can be turned down true in a lathe The device of my invention is particuwhen jmounted on the male centers of the larly adapted for withdrawingor eXtractlatter. 65
ing pulleys mounted upon conical arbors or lThe type ofpulley for which this invenshafts, such as in wood planing-machines tion is designed, is a web pulley, and differwhere keys and sets screws are not ement manufacturers notonly make the web ployed. In this manner of mounting or of different thickness but they also locate fixing a pulley, anchorage is effected by reathe web at different distances from the outer 70 l son of the very tight frictional engagement end of the pulley. Therefore, to make the of the conical bore of the pull-ey with the device of my invention universally applicaconical arbor. Means such as a nut'onthe` ble to all makes of pulleys, I provide adend of the arbor,.is employed for normally justable means whereby the wrench portion retaining the pulley in a fixed position on of my Ainvention mayY be readily advanced 75 the arbor. By reason of the very firm and to sucha position that it can coact with secure anchorage of the pulley,- it is a very the nut irrespective of the location of the diicult and laborious eEort to remove the nut from the outer end of the pulley. pulley, which removal may frequently be In the most improved form of my innecessary. v `I vention, this adjustment means performs an so Now it is the primary objectof this inadditional function which consists in acting vention to provide a device whereby this as an interposed abutment for transmitting kind of anchored pulley may be very quickly the turning off thrust from the nut to the and easily removed without in any way in'- mechanism which grips the pulley. juring the flanges of the latter. In the My invention also includes a novel form 85 most improved embodiment, my invention of'yoke mechanism for gripping the pulley includes mechanism fo'r tightly gripping the in such a manner as not to in any way inpulley and means co-acting with said mecha- 4jure the flanges, or any part of the pulley, nism and uponthe shaft for' loosening the and in the preferred construction, said pulley. mechanism .grips the pulley endwis'e of the 90 40 In the preferred construction, Wrench latter and in such a manner as mainly to means is employed for action upon the nut implnge against the annular heel portions by means of which thepulley is normally ofthe pulley flanges. y retained in position, such action being. a' 'The said yoke mechanism is somewhat enturning off movement of the nut with means larged with respect to the maximum dia- 95 for transmitting the resultant thrust to the nietrical 130111011 0"C1 1e PUHGY'SO HS t0 take pulley in such a manner that the latter willpulleys of different sizes, and an important be loosened as the nutis turned off. and useful function performed by the @ne of the most important features of this wrench device is' that when it 'engages the invention resides in the means for with'drawnut, it Serves to center the pulley with re- 100 ing a pulley `without in any way disruptspect to the yoke mechanism.
ing or altering what is called the shaft- III addl'lOD 'CO IOOSenlng and withdrawing a pulley from a conical arbor, the device of my invention also functions as a wrench l of Figure 4.
Figure 2, is a view in elevation looking from the left of Figure 1.
Figure 3, is a bottom plan view looking from the lower end of Figure 2, with the hand bar omitted.
Figure 4, is a sectional view on line 4-4 of Fig. 1.
Figure 5, is a sectional view on line 5-5 of Fig. 4.
Figure 6, is a sectional view of a pulley showing the mark of drift occurring in the old method of removing a pulley.
Figure 7, illustrates in exaggerated form the cross sectional appearance of a pulley after having been removed in the old way, and illustrating how it appears when applied to the shaft with the nut turned home.
Like characters of reference designate similar parts throughout the different figures of the drawings.
As illustrated, 1 designates a web pulley l' having a belt flange 2, at its inner end and a like flange 3, at its outer end. The pulley has a web 4 provided with a conical bore 5.
I It will be noted that the web 4 is nearer to the inner than the outer end of the pulley, and different manufacturers locate the web at different distances. This statement will be more clearly informative during a later description of a certain novel portion of the device. An arbor or shaft 6 has a conical or tapered end 7 onto which the pulley bore 5 isdesignedto tightly fit. The tapered end 7 terminates in a reduced threaded end 8. A nut 9 is turned onto the threaded end 8 and impinges against the web 4, or rather its outer face, to normally hold the pulley in position on its shaft. However, the nut additionally functions as a tightener for the pulley since this nut, when turned home, serves to securely telescope the pulley bore into a frictionally and absolutely non-rotative position onto its shaft. The foregoing pulley andshaft construction is old and well known but it may be pointed out that great difficulty is encountered in removing this type of pulley, or any type of pulley, from a conical shaft. Wedging and Vhammering against the inner end of the pulley is very likely to injure the latter but heretofore no other means, to my knowledge, has been employed. A further objection to the old. eX-
pedient is the fact that it is time consuming and thereby keeps the machine idle for an unnecessary period.
I will now describe that part of the disclosure which constitutes the device of my invention, reference first being made to my improved frame or yoke mechanism for application to the pulley to be clamped thereon while the pulley is still tight on the shaft.
My improved yoke comprises a bight portion 10, adapted to rest against the outer flange 3, of the pulley. Said bight has a centrally disposed enlargement 11, for a purpose which will later appear. Limbs `12 and 13 extend from the bight 10 lengthwise or alongside of the periphery of the pulley and slightly beyond the inner flange 2. LimbA 12 is bifurcated and the forked ends 14 thereof are provided with openings 15. Similarly, limb 13 is forked at 16 and is provided with openings'17. The inner ends 18 and 19 of the openings 15 and 17, respectively, are somewhat inclined to form wedge or clamping elements. A clamping or wedge member is provided which is preferably U- shaped, the bight thereof being indicated at 20, and the limbs at 21. The limbs 21 are provided with pairs of inclined or wedge portions 22 and 23 for respective engage-` ment with the inclined portions 18 and 19 so that when the U-shaped clamping bar is forced to the left of Figure 4, the outer edge 24 will tightly impinge against the annular heel 25 of the inner flange 2. The limbs 21 are slightly curved or cut away at 26 and 27 so as not to engage the peripheral outer portions of the flange 2. Thus by this construction the wedge bar cannot injure the outer portionsof the flange. It will now be clear that when thewedge bar is driven tightly into position, the pulley will be securely anchored in the yoke mechanism" between the bight 10 and the limbs 21. By making the clamping bar U-shaped, I am enabled to locate the limbs 22 in spaced relation thereby impinging the pulley at points laterally of the center thereof thereby obtaining a firmer anchorage and avoiding interference with the shaft. i
Reference will next be made to the wrench means which coacts with the nut. 9 and frame mechanism to loosen the pulley.
A wrench spindle 28 extends through and is rotatable in enlargement 11, of the bight 10, and is provided with a shoulder 29. The spindle 28 terminates in a wrench socket 30 having a bore shaped to exteriorly telescope nut 9. The spindle is provided with a socket bore 31 for preventing any injury to the shaft center of arbor 7. A handle bar 32 is fitted upon the polygonal end 33 of spindle 28 to permit the operator to turn said spindle.V
l will next describe the novel means whereby the wrench socket may be advanced into engagement with the nutirrespective of the 1' ,adidas distance between the enter face of the web and the outer end of the pulley, and l will also describe the marmer in which said means functions toY transmit the turning off thrust from the nut to the yoke mechanism.
`An adjusting sleeve y 34 is provided with aj smooth cylindrical bore telescoping the spindle 28 with a yslight working 4clearance and having its inner end` engaging shoulder 29. Sleeve 84 is exteriorly threaded at 35 to engage corresponding threads "36 in a like boire in enlargment 11.V A locknut 37 having a projection 38, to facilitate its manipulation, is turned onto the sleeve 84and is adapted to engage the bight 10 when in a locking position.
It will now be clear that when the spindle 28 is rotated to turn off n`utr9, that the thrust on `spindle 28 will be outwardly, as indicated by the arrow in Figure 4.` This outward thrust is transmitted from the shoulder 29 to the sleeve 34, and from the latter to the bight 10` of the frame mecha-` nism. Thus as the nut' 9 is loosened, the frame mechanism will correspondingly loosen the pulley endwise off from its conical arbor. After the pulley has been moved off to such an extent as to become loose, then the entire apparatus, as shown in Figure 4, can be manually pulled outwardly to completely remove the pulley from the arbor, after the nut 9 has been completely turned off fromthe threaded end 8. i
lt will now be clear that when the socket 30 is engaged with the nut 9, the frame mechanism will be centered on the pulley.
ln practice, ythe device is centered `on the pulleywith the socket `30 engaging the nut 9 before the clamping bar is inserted in the yoke openings. Any adjustmentv of the sleeve 34 may be readily effected after the device is in position as shown inFigiire 4. Usually, the pulleys of all the planers of a single mill will be `of the saine. size and no adj ustmentotlrer than the initial adjust` ment will have to be made. .The dotted lines in Figure 4, illustrate Athe vposition of the parts during loosening action. 1
lt will now be clear how the *wrenchV )por-i tion may be employed to tighten the pulley onto the shaft, `it merely being necessary to turn the nut home on the end 8, in .which operation the frame. does 'not necessarily function, as it may be entirelyy omit-ted vin the restoring` operation. In other words, after the pulley has been removed, the frame can be detached therefrom.` fBy merely removing the handle bar, the spindle 28 may be slipped out of the sleeve 34.. Then after the pulley has been again mounted on the conical arbor, the socket 30 may be applied to the nut and the handle bar32` applied to the spindle 38, whereupon the pulley may be tightened by turning the nut 9 to a final position,
ltV will now be clear that while l exert pressure on the shaft to remove the pulley, still, such pressure is exerted circumferential'ly of the shaft center thereby protecting. the latter from any injury. ln the present form of the invention; this is accomplished by imposing the thrust directly and only on4 the nut 9. Furthermore, the thrust is applied symmetrically of the pulley so that in withdrawing the same the bore of the pulley cannot be forced out of true.
The foregoing will be more graphically understood by reference to Figures 6 and 7, which show the results of the old method of removing the pulley. In Figure 6, 39 designates the mark of drift of the metal due to hammering thrust in removing the same. Tt will seem that the metal is upset at 40 thereby getting the bore of the pulley out of true with the periphery. Figure 7 illustrates, in slightly exaggerated form the cross-sectional appearance of the pulley after the nut has been turned home. Note the space 41 which is the direct result of the bore of the pulley getting out of true, or in other words getting out concentricity with the periphery of the pulley. ln a high speed machine like a wood-planer, the result of vibration from a pulley in this condition would be disastrous. Therefore it will now be clear that l have provided means to avoid this defective action, and the avoidance is due to the fact that the stress on the pulley is applied symmetrically, and also to the fact that the stress on the shaft is not only applied concentrically about the shaft center to avoid injury thereto, but also to the fact that the stress on the shaft is imposed in exact alinement with the longitudinal raxis of the shaft.
lt is believed that my invention will be fully understood from the foregoing description, and while l have shown one specific embodiment, l do not wish to be limited thereto except for such limitations as the claims may import.
1. As a means of withdrawing a pulley endwise olf from its shaft with a nut on said shaft for normally retaining the pulley on said shaft, a yoke frame for engaging the pulley, and means for turning olf said nut and engaging said frame whereby as the nut is turned off said frame will withdraw said pulley. i i
2. As a means of withdrawing a ijiulley endwise off from its shaft with a nut on said shaft for normally retaining said pulley on said shaft, a yoke frame for engaging the pulley. and means having shouldered and swivelled engagement with said frame for turning off said nut and withdrawing said pulleyas said nut is turned off. Y
3. As a means of withdrawing a pulley endwise ofi from its shaft with a nut 0n el i said shaft for normally retaining said pulley on said shaft, a yoke frame engaging said pulley, and means for turning off said nut and having shouldered engagement with said nut and frame whereby said pulley will be withdrawn as said nut is tuined off.
il. As a means of withdrawinga pulley endwise 0H from its shaft with a nut on said shaft for normally retaining said pulley on said shaft, a yoke having its bight adapted to engage the outer end of said pulley and its limbs extending'alongside said pulley and past the inner end thereof and having openings, a clamping bar eX- tending through said openings and engaging the inner end of said pulley to tightly grip the yoke onto said pulley, and means swivelled and shouldered in the bight of said yoke for turning off said nut and withdrawing said pulley as said nut is turned.
5. As a means of withdrawing a pulley eiidwise off from its shaft, a yoke having its bight adapted to engage the outer end of the pulley and its limbs extending alongside said pulley and past the inner end thereof' and having openings therein, a clamping bar' extending through said openings and having its pulley engaging face curved to restrict engagement of said bar with only the heel portions of said pulley to thereby protect the flange thereof, and means coact ing with the biglit of said yoke for exerting thrust endwise of said shaft to withdraw said pulley. h l
6. As a means of withdrawing' a pulley endwise olf from its shaft, a yoke having its tions for wedge engagement vwith the in` Vclinded portions of said openings to wedge clamp said yoke onto said pulley, and means coactiiig with the bight of said yoke for exerting thrust eiidwise of said shaft to withdraw said pulley.
'l'. As a means of withdrawing a pulley endwise olf from its shaft, a frame mechanism for attachment to the pulley, and said mechanism having means coacting with thel shaft for centering said mechanism on said pulley and adapted to exert pressure on said shaft to withdraw said pulley.
8. As means of withdrawing a web pulley from its shaft with a nut on said shaft normally engaging the pulley web to retain the pulley on the shaft, a frame mechanism adapted to grip the pulley, means coacting with said mechanism for turning olf the nut and withdrawing the pulley, anda device adn justable on said mechanism to advance said means into engagement with said'nut irrespective ofthe location of the web with respect to the outer end of the pulley.
9. As a means of withdrawing a web pulley from its shaft with a nut on said` shaft fornorinally engaging said web to retain said pulley on said shaft, mechanism adapted to grip the pulley and having means forl turning olf the nut, and a device adjustable on said mechanism for advancing said means into engagement with the nut irrespective of the location of said web with respect to the outer end of the pulley and transmitting turning off thrust from said nut to said mechanism to withdraw said pulley.
10. As a means of withdrawing a web pulley from its shaft with a` nut on said Vshaft engaging the web to normally hold s aidV pulley on said shaft, a frame mechanism adapted to grip said pulley, a wrench spindle turnable in said mechanism and having a wrench portion for engagement with said nut to turn olf the latter, an adjusting sleeve exteriorly telescoping said spindle and having shouldered engagement therewith and having threaded engagement with said mechanism to advance vthe wrench portion into engagement with said nut irrespective of the location of the web with respect to the outer end of the pulley and said sleeve transmitting turning o thrust to said mechanism tg withdraw said pulley as said niitis turned o 1l. As a means of withdrawing a web pulley from its shaft with a nut 0n said shaft engaging said web-to normally hold said pulley on said shaft, a frame mechanism adapted to grip said pulley, a wrench spindle turnable in said mechanismand haviiigya wrench portion for engagement with said nut to turn olf the latter, an adpistable sleeve exteriorly telescoping said spindle-and havV ing shouldered engagement therewith and having threaded engagement with said mechanism to advance the wrench portion into engagement with said nut irrespective of the location of said web with respect to the outer end of the pulley and said sleeve transmitting turning offvthrust to said mechanism to withdraw said pulley as said nut is turned olf, and a lock nut threaded on said sleeve and engaging said mechanism.
12. As a means of withdrawing a web pulley from and restoring it onto a shaft having a nut for engagement with the web of the pulley, mechanism adapted to grip the pulley, and means coacting with the nut and said mechanism to withdraw the pulley andV coacting with said nutto tighten said pulley onto said shaft.
13. As a means of withdrawing a pulley from and later tightening itV onto its shaft, mechanism adapted to grip the pulley, and means coacting with said mechanism and exerting a thrust on the shaft to withdraw the pulley or exerting a thrust on said shaft to tighten the pulley.
14. As a means of withdrawing a Web pulley endwise off from its shaft with a nut on said shaft for engagement with the web to normally retain said pulley on Said shaft, a yoke having its bight engaging the outer end of the pulley and its limbs extending alongside said pulley and past the inner end thereof and terminating in pairs of openings, a U-shaped clamping bar having its limbs eX- tendingthrough said openings on opposite sides of said shaft and coacting with said limbs to tightly clamp on said pulley, an adjusting sleeve threaded in the bight of said yoke, a Wrench spindle journalled in said sleeve and having shouldered engagement therewith and pro-vided with a socket for nism for symmetrically gripping the pulley,
and wrench means adapted to act on the nut to unscrew the latter and coacting with said mechanism to transmit the thrust thereto,
whereby the alined action of said mechanism l and means with the axis of said arbor will prevent injury to the pulley bore and shaft center.
In testimony whereof I hereby aiiix my signature.
DANIEL R. TANNER.